Roosevelt Dime History
The Roosevelt Dime was first introduced in 1946, shortly after the passing of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The beloved 32nd president, known for his leadership during the Great Depression and World War II, is immortalized in the design of this iconic coin. The dime was created to honor his memory and to commemorate his unwavering commitment to the American people.
Franklin D. Roosevelt: America's Resilient Leader and the Roosevelt Dime
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945), the 32nd President of the United States, is remembered for his strong leadership during some of the nation's most challenging times, including the Great Depression and World War II. The Roosevelt Dime honors his legacy and serves as a testament to his enduring impact on American history.
Early Life and Political Career
Born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York, Franklin Delano Roosevelt came from a prominent and wealthy family. After attending Harvard University and Columbia Law School, Roosevelt entered politics, serving in the New York State Senate and as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President Woodrow Wilson. In 1928, he was elected Governor of New York, a position he held until his election as President in 1932.
Presidency and Accomplishments
Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency was marked by unprecedented challenges, with the nation reeling from the Great Depression and later entering World War II. His determination and innovative policies helped the country persevere during these difficult times. Notable accomplishments include:
- New Deal: A series of programs, public work projects, and financial reforms aimed at providing relief, recovery, and reform to alleviate the effects of the Great Depression.
- Social Security Act: Signed into law in 1935, this landmark legislation established a social safety net for elderly, unemployed, and disabled Americans.
- World War II Leadership: Roosevelt's steadfast leadership and diplomacy helped to form critical alliances and guide the United States and its allies to victory in World War II.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's untimely death in 1945, during his fourth term in office, marked the end of an era. His leadership through some of the most trying times in American history left a profound impact on the nation. In 1946, the United States Mint introduced the Roosevelt Dime to honor his memory and commemorate his dedication to public service. The coin features a portrait of Roosevelt on the obverse and a torch, olive branch, and oak branch on the reverse, symbolizing liberty, peace, and strength.
Design of the Roosevelt Dime
Designed by John R. Sinnock, the Roosevelt Dime features a profile of Franklin D. Roosevelt on the obverse side. The portrait is a testament to the president's legacy, reflecting both his strength and warmth. On the reverse, you'll find an intricately crafted torch, symbolizing liberty, with an olive branch and an oak branch on either side. These branches represent peace and strength, respectively – qualities that Roosevelt was known to embody.
Roosevelt Dime Composition
From 1946 to 1964, the Roosevelt Dime was composed of 90% silver and 10% copper, often referred to as "silver dimes." In 1965, due to the rising cost of silver, the composition was changed to a clad coinage. The new dimes consisted of a core made of 91.67% copper and 8.33% nickel, with an outer layer of 75% copper and 25% nickel. Despite the change in composition, the Roosevelt Dime's design and dimensions remained the same, maintaining its appeal to collectors.
Roosevelt Dime Mint Marks
Throughout its history, the Roosevelt Dime has been minted at various US Mint facilities, including Philadelphia, Denver, San Francisco, and West Point. The mint marks can be found on the obverse side of the coin, just to the left of the portrait of Roosevelt. "P" denotes Philadelphia, "D" represents Denver, "S" signifies San Francisco, and "W" stands for West Point. Coins minted in Philadelphia prior to 1980 do not carry a mint mark.
Proof and Uncirculated Roosevelt Dimes
As a coin collector, you will appreciate the exceptional quality of proof and uncirculated Roosevelt Dimes. Proof coins undergo a specialized minting process that results in a mirror-like finish and sharp detail, making them a prized addition to any collection. Uncirculated coins, on the other hand, have never been in circulation and exhibit a brilliant, lustrous finish. Both proof and uncirculated Roosevelt Dimes are highly sought after by numismatists for their pristine condition and visual appeal.
Key Roosevelt Dime Dates and Varieties
Certain Roosevelt Dimes are more desirable due to their rarity or unique features. Some key dates and varieties to look for include:
- 1949-S: With a lower mintage, this coin is relatively scarce and highly valued in higher grades.
- 1955: Both the Philadelphia and Denver issues have lower mintages, making them sought-after pieces.
- 1963 Doubled Die Reverse: This variety exhibits doubling on the reverse design elements and is quite rare.
- 1964-D Doubled Die Obverse: With doubling visible on the obverse, this variety is also rare and coveted by collectors.
- 1982 No P Mintmark: A small number of dimes from this year were accidentally struck without the "P" mintmark, making them a rare find.
Celebrate American History
Embrace the captivating legacy of the Roosevelt Dime and enrich your coin collection with these stunning pieces of American numismatic history. With their beautiful design, rich history, and various key dates and varieties, Roosevelt Dimes offer a rewarding collecting experience for both novice and seasoned numismatists alike. Add these cherished coins to your collection today and honor the memory of one of America's most influential presidents.